See the accompanying Hispanic statistical portrait for detailed notes on each of the measures in this table. The migration of Puerto Ricans to the U. Five other Hispanic origin groups have populations of more than 1 million — Salvadorans, Cubans, Dominicans, Guatemalans and Colombians — and each has also seen its population increase over the past decade.
This is a bit higher than the By population, the United States of America is the third largest country in the world, falling far behind China 1. Its most populous states are California Largest state in the United States The largest state in the USA by population is California, which is estimated to be home to just over If California was a country, it would be the 36th most populous in the world, slightly larger than Iraq and Poland.
Its economy would be the eighth largest in the world, with roughly the same GDP as Italya European country of 61 million people. ByNew York City was the largest city in the worldholding the title until when three worldwide cities surpassed its numbers.
The stunning growth of cities elsewhere in the world means that today, New York is not even in the top 20, when ranking by city proper. United States Census The United States census is held once every ten years, to count the number of people in the country along with gathering basic information, including age, sex, and race.
The last census was held inand the next census will be held in The information collected in the census is used for many purposes. The first purpose is to ensure that each seat in Congress represents roughly the same amount of people.
National and State governments also use the information to plan services - for example, if they know that the population in an area is growing rapidly, they can plan to build more housing, schools, and hospitals.
Every year, the Census Bureau also releases annual population estimates. Statistical modelling methods are applied to the most recent census data to give an up-to-date picture of how the population of America changes between censuses.
United States Population History Nobody is sure what the population of the Americas was before Columbus arrived in Estimates vary wildly, but it is commonly accepted that the indigenous population of the Americas the continents of North and South America combined was between 50 million and million in the s.
That includes approximately 15 million people living in the Aztec Empire and around 6 million Inca. The population of North America at the time is equally uncertain and has been estimated to be between 5 and 15 million.
Indigenous populations were hit hard by the arrival of European settlers. Additional native populations were killed by wars, massacres, and resettlement programs. The Native American population of the United States reached a low point in the early 20th century but has since been gradually increasing.
Formal censuses were not carried out during the colonial era, but records show that the colonial population grew from a shaky start of just 3, in to over 1 million in The population grew rapidly moving forward, and when the first official census was held in shortly after independence, the population had grown to nearly 4 million.
United States Population Projections The population of the US continues to grow today, driven by a high level of immigration. The latest data from the Census Bureau shows that US population growth is running at between 0. A Census Bureau Report suggests that growth will slow somewhat, and projects a population of million, with the country crossing the million threshold in The United Nations projects a lower total, estimating a population of just over million in Growth in the Hispanic and Asia n populations is predicted to almost triple over the next 40 years.
Nearly 39 million immigrants have come to the US sincewith most coming from Asia and Latin America. This increase in the foreign-born population will account for a large share of the overall population growth.
The average US citizen of is likely to be older than the average citizen of today, and almost one in four people will be 65 or older. This will have huge implications for society as younger people work to fund the pensions and healthcare of the older generation. As is common in most countries in the world, US women have a higher life expectancy than men - women born in live for Compared to the rest of the world, using data compiled by the United Nations, the United States is only 39th in the world when it comes to life expectancy.
Hawaii is the state with the highest life expectancy Although the United States has the largest overall economy in the world, it does not have the highest GDP per capita. Language The language most commonly spoken in the United States is English, which is the main language of Spanish is the main language of Native American languages are the main language of 0.
There is a wide variety of different Native American languages, many of which are on the endangered list. The most widely spoken is Southern Quechua, used by around 7 million people. Although legal documents are normally written in English, the United States has no official lanaguage at the federal level.
At the state level most, but not all states have English as their official language. Hawaii is the only state to have two official languages - English and Hawaiian.Population projections for the United States from to (in millions) This graph shows population projections for the United States of America.
The estimated population of the USA in Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) Current Population in the United States. Western Great Lakes States. Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
Income inequality in the United States has increased more or less steadily. As of , the top 20 percent of households in the U.S. earned percent of all household income, according to the. Chapter 4. Population Change in the U.S. and the World from to The growth of a population and changes in its age structure are closely related to trends in birth and death rates and changes in life expectancy.
Both in the U.S. and in the world, birth rates have trended down since , and the gap with respect to death rates has.
This detailed look at annual percentage change in state population over the last decade shows variation in growth patterns. In recent years, North Dakota, and the District of Columbia have had the highest growth rates, in percentage terms, in the country.
States such as Nevada and Arizona, fast.