John locke equality essay

Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. It was a century in which conflicts between Crown and Parliament and the overlapping conflicts between Protestants, Anglicans and Catholics swirled into civil war in the s. This period lasted from to

John locke equality essay

As the absolute rule of kings weakened, Enlightenment philosophers argued for different forms of democracy.

John locke equality essay

The war ended with the beheading of the king. Shortly after Charles was executed, an English philosopher, Thomas Hobbes —wrote Leviathana defense of the absolute power of kings. The title of the book referred to a leviathan, a mythological, whale-like sea monster that devoured whole ships. Hobbes likened the leviathan to government, a powerful state created to impose order.

Every person was free to do what he or she needed to do to survive. The only way out of this situation, Hobbes said, was for individuals to create some supreme power to impose peace on everyone.

Hobbes borrowed a concept from English contract law: The sovereign, created by the people, might be a person or a group.

The sovereign would make and enforce the laws to secure a peaceful society, making life, liberty, and property possible. Placing all power in the hands of a king would mean more resolute and consistent exercise of political authority, Hobbes argued.

Hobbes also maintained that the social contract was an agreement only among the people and not between them and their king. Once the people had given absolute power to the king, they had no right to revolt against him.

He feared religion could become a source of civil war. In any conflict between divine and royal law, Hobbes wrote, the individual should obey the king or choose death.

But the days of absolute kings were numbered. A new age with fresh ideas was emerging—the European Enlightenment. Enlightenment thinkers wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather than concern themselves with religion and the afterlife.

Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern.

These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced. Locke studied science and medicine at Oxford University and became a professor there.

John Locke FRS (/ l ɒ k /; 29 August – 28 October ) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. A brief discussion of the life and works of John Locke, with links to electronic texts and additional information. The natural equality of all people, as written by Locke in the Second Treatise emphasizes that all men are born in an equal state. No one is greater or lesser than another and therefore subject to no one, unless one willfully permits.

This event reduced the power of the king and made Parliament the major authority in English government.John Locke, (born August 29, , Wrington, Somerset, England—died October 28, , High Laver, Essex), English philosopher whose works lie at the foundation of modern philosophical empiricism and political liberalism.

He was an inspirer of both the European Enlightenment and the Constitution of. In Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding, he discusses the progression of man’s thought process; how we develop opinions and ideas, as well as the role religion plays in our general understanding of life.

John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.

A brief discussion of the life and works of John Locke, with links to electronic texts and additional information. John Locke FRS (/ l ɒ k /; 29 August – 28 October ) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".

Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory.

The natural equality of all people, as written by Locke in the Second Treatise emphasizes that all men are born in an equal state. No one is greater or lesser than another and therefore subject to no one, unless one willfully permits.

John Locke - Wikipedia