The early history of Aboriginal policy in Canada is characterized by the presence of both France and Britain as colonizing powers. British colonial policy acknowledged Aboriginal peoples as sovereign nations. Post-Confederation Canadian Aboriginal policy, until the s, was based on a model of assimilation, with one of its main instruments being the Indian Act.
Particular attention will then be paid to possible futures in the realm of aboriginal justice. Though calls for changes in the realms of both aboriginal-governmental relations and aboriginal justice come from many quarters, just what these changes might entail, and how they will dovetail with the dominant Euro-Canadian governmental and justice systems, are still a matter of some discussion and debate.
The political relationship between the Canadian government and Aboriginals is rough. King is surrounded by knowledge on Natives, this act influences him to write about the Native culture and how this act had no real effect on the Natives because they were still discriminated against. Canadian Native Aboriginals Introduction The Canadian native aboriginals are the original indigenous settlers of North Canada in Canada. They are made up of the Inuit, Metis and the First nation. Through archeological evidence old crow flats seem to the earliest known settlement sites for the aboriginals. - Aboriginals have lived various types of lives and in attempt to improve the lives of Canada’s Aboriginal people formed the Aboriginal self-government. Developing self-government for aboriginal peoples living in urban areas was not easy. The form of self-government varied across the country depending on the factors in each area or region.
The current paper begins with the assertion that choices among future policy alternatives would benefit from consideration of past relations between Canada's indigenous peoples and the colonial and federal governments.
Indeed, it is guided by the belief that any proposals which do not consider the past in their formulation and implementation are doomed to repeat it. Accordingly, the first half of this paper reviews some of the history of aboriginal-governmental relations in Canada, while the second half focusses specifically on issues of aboriginal justice.
On the one hand, there is considerable oral history evidence from aboriginal peoples, reaffirmed by archaeological evidence, that native peoples have indeed populated this continent since "time immemorial" -- long enough for aboriginal ancestors to have witnessed even the ice ages that affected the North American continent between 10, and 40, years ago e.
As Stanley stated: In this regard, they approvingly cite another historian K. Indeed, it might well be argued that history has some of the same functions in western cultures as mythology does in Indian cultures: Various authors have documented the change in European views of aboriginal peoples in formal histories written during the post-contact years2.
When the indigenous peoples were of use to Europeans -- for survival in what to Europeans was an unforgiving "new world", as military allies, and during the years that Europeans and aboriginals engaged in the fur trade -- the dominant image was of the "noble savage" Fisher,and histories of the time both included, and were respectful of, the natives Trigger, By the early s, however, and particularly after the War ofsurvival per se was no longer an issue, external military threats were unlikely, and the fur trader voyageurs gave way to waves of immigrant settlers seeking an agricultural land base.
But as conflict over land use arose, the images of Indians began to change. Where once the Indians had been most helpful and useful, now they were an obstacle to European visions of progress.
The "noble savage" was now merely "savage"; the same Indians who were once seen as knowledgeable, brave, and loyal, were now perceived as ignorant, cruel, treacherous, blood-thirsty, dirty, and immoral Fisher, ; Francis, ; Trigger, ; Walker, Certainly this helped to justify colonial policies which emerged at the time, most of which focussed on getting Indians out of the way, so that the interests of "civilization and progress" might be served.
In the post-Confederation period, aboriginal peoples have yet to be recognized as one of Canada's founding nations e. To the extent that "mainstream" histories are justifications of the present, any significant representation of aboriginal peoples in the major governmental structures of our time would require a story to show the "inevitability" and "just-ness" of such a presence.
The corollary is that so, too must their absence be accounted for, and most of the "standard" Canadian histories e. But if history can be revised once, then it must be open to further reconsideration, and the last two decades have seen considerable transition in how aboriginals have been perceived in historical context.
Part of this is due to aboriginals themselves, who must be acknowledged for the way they have continued asserting their past, even in the face of considerable suppression for more than a century. Contributions have also been made in the form of an unprecedented amount of primary research in the last two decades in the realm of native history e.All of the below answers are true but I am surprised residential schools haven't been mentioned.
Back in the second half of the 20th century, the Canadian government created residential schools. Beginning in and lasting until , the Canadian government, in partnership with the dominant Christian Churches, ran residential boarding schools across Canada for Aboriginal children, who were forcibly taken from their homes.
Aboriginal self-government, because for the first time in Canadian history Aboriginal and treaty rights were entrenched in the constitution. Section 25 asserted that the newly adopted Charter of. The Canadian Arctic Expedition (CAE) marked a significant turning point in Canada's Arctic territorial history and helped shape Canada into a nation, strong and free.
By asserting Canadian control over thousands of square kilometers and confirming Canada's modern Northern border, the Expedition and its activities laid the foundation for the future of Canada's development in the Arctic.
- Modern Aboriginal Issues The first Europeans to settle Australia treated the Aboriginals in a brutal, unfair manor.
They downgraded Aboriginals to a lower status as human beings. They tried to force the Aboriginals to conform to the western way of life for more than years. It is only fairly recently that the Aboriginals have finally been able to gain back some of their indigenous rights and traditions.
Yet they .
Canadian government in 's killed Aboriginals by giving them blankets with small pox the Canadian Government took Aboriginal children away from their families Thank you for watching/listening!