Quotes[ edit ] Between the misdeeds of Hitler and those of Stalin, in my opinion, there exists only a quantitative difference Prisoner of Stalin and Hitler, London:
Holocaust and Gulaks Communism and Fascism: Vladimir Tismaneanu gives his answer in a new book. They both stemmed from a political, social, and cultural construct that erased traditional ideas regarding good and evil. Those ideologies happen to be communism and fascism, which together brought an orgy of violence, killed millions, and led humanity to its darkest hour, where the final destination was the deplorable Gulags and the gas chambers of Auschwitz.
Vladimir Tismaneanu, a professor of comparative politics at the University of Maryland, noticed how communism and fascism, despite coming from separate ends of the political spectrum—extreme left for the former and extreme right for the latter—surprisingly have much in common.
To comprehend the barbarism that plagued the last century, Tismaneanu contends that we must fully come to grips with the thought process that inspired so much destruction. So he sets off to scrupulously examine the intellectual origins, crimes, and failures of these two radical movements in The Devil in History: And in Fascism, Communism and the Consolidation of Democracy: A Comparison of European Dictatorships, Gerhard Besier edited a book of essays that explored the mutual influences both political movements clung to.
They were two sides of the same coin of totalitarianism—a political, social, and cultural construct that erased traditional ideas regarding good and evil. Tismaneanu spends the majority of his time clearly defining Marxism, neglecting fascism a bit, but there is good reason why he would do this.
Marxism as a political theory is over years old. In that time it has gone through various phases, titles, and schisms, including critical, post, and anti-Marxism.
Thus the course of Western civilization, and indeed world history, would have been entirely different. The ideas that Lenin propagated—igniting the insurrection of the masses in politics, making the individual a mere particle in comparison to the absolute belief in the cause—paved the way for all forms of totalitarian thinking that shaped the 20th century.
In The Better Angels of Our Naturethe evolutionary psychologist and cognitive scientist Steven Pinker specifically equated communist ideology with violence and genocide. Yet he failed to account for how capitalist values also contributed to a significant amount of violence over the course of the 20th century.
When I challenged him on this matter in an interview last yearPinker responded by saying: Capitalism, despite being an imperfect system with many problems, understands what Marx failed to grasp: Furthermore, anyone in the communist system unlucky enough to be born in the wrong class or ethnic group were branded enemies of the regime, becoming helpless victims in the mass killings that so often took place in the name of ideology.
As an ideology, Marxism is open to more interpretation than fascism, which arose in Italy inand died, as a dominant political movement in Europe, along with two of its most famous prophets: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. The closest Tismaneanu reaches in defining fascism is to quote Mussolini, who wrote inin the Enciclopedia Italiana: But he fails to note exactly what German and Italian fascism shared in common, or how different their worldviews actually were.
Neither was anti-Semitism as widespread in Italy as it was in Germany. What Tismaneau is clear on is how Bolshevism and Nazism both desired a scapegoat to achieve their end goals.
In communism this was defined by class, and in National Socialism by race. Each movement subsequently believed this would lead to a triumphant historical epoch: While Bolshevism was a dictatorship of the proletariat, Nazism was a dictatorship with a voting consensus behind it.
In communism, totalitarian thinking was completely enthralled to the party line, whereas in fascism, all ideas stemmed from the magnetic personality of the infallible leader.
It shows that thinking of politics as a simple scientific formula that could be solved, once it was followed to its logical conclusion, seriously underestimates the complexities of the human condition. This was the greatest ideological mistake of the 20th century, paradoxically leading to a frenzy of genocide, thought control, and a complete annihilation of the concept of the individual.Comparison of Fascism vs Communism in different types of governments.
Difference Between Fascism and Communism. Generally, a new type of government is established when its earlier alternative fails to fulfill the needs of citizens.
26 rows · Communism vs. Fascism Diffen › Social Sciences › History While communism is a system based around a theory of economic equality and advocates for a classless society, fascism is a nationalistic, top-down system with rigid class roles that is ruled by an all-powerful dictator.
The key difference between a democracy and a republic lies in the limits placed on government by the law, which has implications for minority rights. Both forms of government tend to use a representational system — i.e., citizens vote to elect politicians to represent their interests and form the.
The differences between Communism and Fascism are far from semantic--indeed, those differences are quite real and represent one of the most dramatic struggles of the twentieth century. Far from being at its base similar, Fascism (and its related "isms," chiefly National Socialism) is best understood as a reactionary opposition against Communism.
Transcript of Communism, Fascism, and Democracy Comparison (Individual PLO #1 / Visual) Communism Fascism Democracy Communism>. Anti-communism is opposition to plombier-nemours.comzed anti-communism developed after the October Revolution in the U.S.S.R.
and it reached global dimensions during the Cold War, when the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in an intense rivalry.
Anti-communism has been an element of movements holding many different political positions, including nationalist, social .